Simulation of Cavitation Phenomena in Francis Turbines

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Image: IHS, University of Stuttgart

In the last decades, hydro power plants have experienced a continual extension of the operating range in order to integrate other renewable energy sources into the electrical grid. When operated at off-design conditions, the turbine experiences cavitation which may reduce the power output and can cause severe damage in the machine. Cavitation simulations are necessary to investigate phenomena like the full load instability. The goal of this project is to understand the physical mechanisms that result in an instability at off-design conditions to identify measures that can avoid the occurrence of instability.

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Principal Investigator

Jonas Wack

Institute of Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machinery, University of Stuttgart